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Here's another list of commonly-interchanged words. Check the difference in their meanings.
Use further to refer to degree or extent
Farther down the road stands a huge oak tree with brittle branches.
I would speak further on the subject matter after the lunch break.
2. Flair, Flare
Flair refers to talent or ability
Flare refers to a sudden outburst of emotion or trouble.
I want to recommend somebody with a flair in designing magazine covers.
Problems inevitably flare up during campaign periods.
3. Hanged, hung
Hanged means “executed.”
Hung means “suspended.”
The judge ordered him to be hanged for crimes against humanity.
My Aunt’s plastic flowers hung from the ceiling in the balcony.
4. Lay, lie
Lay – transitive verb means to place (lay, laid, laid)
Lie – intransitive verb means to recline ( lie, lay, lain)
A person may lie down to rest .
He should lay a blanket on the bed. (with an object)
Once a person lays an object on any surface, that object lies there until someone else takes it.
5. Lend, Loan
The easiest way to deal with these words is simply to use lend as a verb and loan as a noun.
The bank will lend us money for the construction project at a low interest rate.
We are seeking a Php 7.3 million loan from that commercial bank.
6. Loose, Lose
Loose is the opposite of tight
Lose is the opposite of win or find
The team had so much promise. I didn’t expect it to lose.
The door knob has loose bolts.
7. Titled, entitled
Use titled when referring to a name of publication, book or an article
Entitled means has a right or claim to something
In 1999, she wrote an award-winning book titled (not entitled) Poetry and Me.
He is entitled to one-half of his father’s estate.
8. Tortuous, torturous
Tortuous means winding
Torturous refers to extreme suffering and pain
We passed through the tortuous Kennon road when we went to Baguio.
Being incarcerated through no fault of my own is a torturous situation.
9. till, until
These words are interchangeable.
We spent the time chatting till (or until) the wee hours of the morni
10. Unaware, unawares
Unaware means not aware or cognizant. It is an adjective
Unawares means unexpected, without warning. It is an adverb.
The reporter was unaware he was being photographed.
The man caught the reporter unawares.
Here are twenty pairs of words that are commonly interchanged by users of the English language. A close examination of their differences in meaning and/or usage can spell the difference between scholarly writing and a sloppy one.
Advise is a verb meaning to counsel.
You need to listen to his advice.
I advise you to go back to your wife.
2. Affect, Effect
Affect is a verb which means to influence
Effect is a noun meaning result
News like that does not in any way affect me anymore.
The effect of taking drugs cannot be discounted.
3. Appraise, Apprise
Appraise means to evaluate.
Apprise means to inform.
The lady at the pawnshop will appraise the gold bracelet I brought.
It is important to apprise the owner of the damage in his property.
4. All ready, Already
All ready is an expression functioning as an adjective and meaning “ready.”
Already is an adverb meaning “by or before this time.”
The children are all ready to listen to the story.
I already ate my lunch.
5. All together, altogother
All together means “all at once”
Altogether means “completely” or “all in all”
We will sing all together at the concert.
I was altogether mistaken about the news.
6. Amount, Number
Amount is an indefinite quantity that cannot be counted.
Number consists of people or things that can be counted.
The amount of news published each day is amazing.
The number of tourists who visit the country continues to rise.
7. Awhile, A while
Awhile is an adverb, which means, “for a while.”
A while is an article and a noun and is used after the preposition for.
Adverb: Rest awhile before you leave.
Noun: Stay for a while and keep your mother company.
Do not use because after the reason is. The correct phrase is “The reason is that…”
Incorrect: The reason we left is because we got tired.
Correct: The reason we left is that we got tired.
Continual means “occurring again and again in succession.”
Continuous means occurring without interruption.
His continual coffee breaks caused his relief from work.
His continuous absence caused his dismissal.
10. In behalf, On behalf
In behalf means for the benefit of
On behalf means in place of.
The fund-raising concert is in behalf of the orphans at Sulpicio de San Jose.
Speaking on behalf of his son, Mr. Cruz pleaded for mercy from the victim’s parents.
A few years ago, we conducted a nationwide diagnostic test on English Grammar proficiency among trainees of a public safety agency as part of a research study commissioned to us. Since the police training schools were located all over the country, the study was completed in a year, administered within two consecutive training periods.
English Grammar was the focal point of the study primarily because it is essential in report writing of public safety officers—the police, fire and jail officers—who are expected to write incident and investigation reports every now and then. Report writing in the government is, by default, in the English language and hinges on the mastery of the conventions of English grammar. Proficiency in grammar helps lend clarity to reports and facilitates understanding which is the chief end of communication.
A total of 13000 participants taking up recruit courses (for the police, fire and jail) participated in the study. All were college graduates with courses in Criminology, Nursing, Education, Engineering, Management and Commerce. A number of the examinees also acknowledged that they were passers of state licensure examinations in Criminology, Nursing and Education.
The test questionnaire consisted of fifty items which zeroed in on the following content areas: Subject-verb agreement, verb forms and tenses, pronoun-antecedent agreement, Use of Pronouns, Adjectives and Adverbs, Sentence Errors, Punctuation Marks and Correct Word Choice. It was pre-tested to one grade six student, one in college level and one college graduate. The grade six student scored 39 out of 50, which was way beyond the passing score pegged at 25 (or 50%) of the total correct answers.
For the first phase of the study, only 21% percent passed from 8100 examinees (or a mere 1,700). For the second phase, only 18% passed or a mere 1000 out pf 5,500 examinees.
What conclusions were drawn from the study?